We have some 85 affiliate organizations all across the South … Several months ago our local affiliate here in Birmingham invited us to be on call to engage in a nonviolent direct action program if such were deemed necessary. In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps:
Articles Explore articles from the History Net archives about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. His eloquence as a speaker and his personal charisma, combined with a deeply rooted determination to establish equality among all races despite personal risk won him a world-wide following.
His success in galvanizing the drive for civil rights, however, made him the target of conservative segregationists who believed firmly in the superiority of the white race and feared social change.
He was arrested over 20 times and his home was bombed. Ultimately, he was assassinated on April 4,on the balcony of a motel where he was staying in Memphis.
A monument to Dr. King was unveiled in the national capital in His father, in a interview, said that both he and his son were supposed to be named for the leader of the Protestant Reformation but misunderstandings led to Michael being the name on birth records.
The boy became the third member of his family to serve as pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, following in the footsteps of his grandfather and father. His training and experience as a minister undoubtedly contributed to his renowned oratorical style and cadence.
He also followed the educational path taken by his father and grandfather: He then went on to study theology at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, an integrated school where he was elected president of his senior class although it was comprised primarily of white students.
Inhe received an advanced degree from Boston College in Massachusetts; he had completed the residence for his doctorate two years earlier. Ina Boston University investigatory committee determined he had plagiarized portions of his doctoral dissertation; plagiarism was also discovered in his word at Crozer.
However, the committee did not recommend his degree be revoked. Evidence of plagiarism had been discovered by Boston University archivists in the s. While in Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, who would be his lifetime partner in both marriage and his campaign for civil rights.
Negroes, the term then used for the African race, were relegated to the back of the bus and had to give up their seats if a white person wanted them. Since many blacks lived in poverty or near-poverty, few could afford automobiles, and public busses were essential to them for traveling to and from work and elsewhere.
During the boycott, King became a target for segregationists.
Personal abuse, arrest, and the bombing of his home made clear the risks he would be taking if he continued to work with the movement for civil rights. Inthat movement spawned a new organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, to focus on achieving civil rights.
King was elected president. King strongly influenced the ideals of the organization. During the next 11 years, he would speak over 2, times at public events, traveling over six million miles. He also wrote articles and five books to spread the message farther.
Inhe was a leader in the massive civil rights protests at Birmingham, Alabama, that drew the attention of all America—indeed, of the entire world—to the discrimination African Americans faced and their demands for change.
Like Martin Luther King, Jr. Although King stressed nonviolence, even when confronted by violence, those who opposed change did not observe such niceties. Protestors were beaten, sprayed with high-pressure water hoses, tear-gassed, and attacked by police dogs; bombings at black churches and other locations took a number of lives; some, both black and white, who agitated for civil rights such as the right to vote were murdered, but the movement pressed on.
King was the most prominent leader in the drive to register black voters in Atlanta and the march on Washington, D. His message had moved beyond African Americans and was drawing supporters from all segments of society, many of them appalled by the violence they saw being conducted against peaceful protestors night after night on television news.Letter From Birmingham Jail study guide contains a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Based on Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in Why We Can't Wait, Penguin Books, We often view the Six Steps as a phases or cycles of a campaign rather than steps because each of them embodies a cluster or series of activities related to each of the other five elements.
In honor of Martin Luther King, Jr. Day this year, I offer another analysis of one of Dr. King’s historic documents, his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” written on April 16, This past August I conducted an analysis of the metaphors from his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
Critical Analysis of Martin Luther King JR.s Letter from the Birmingham Jail wrote "Letter from Birmingham Jail" at the height of the nonviolent protest movement in the United States.
The letter captures King's ability to lead through the use of language. Analysis of the Letter from Birmingham Jail Written by Martin Luther King Jr., the “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is a paragon of persuasive writing that takes advantage of ethos, pathos, and logos in order to convince its readers to take MLK’s side during the American civil rights movement.
Responsibility & Unity: The Freedom of Martin Luther King, Jr. By Sergio Rebeles A staple of Western thought, political freedom is the idea that individuals possess the right to, within reason, do as they please without fear of oppression or restriction.