While Octavian would never have rose to power without the bequest given to him by Julius Caesar, if Octavian had not won the Roman Civil Wars and ruled Rome as the Emperor Caesar Augustus the world would little remember Julius Caesar, probably no more than it remembers Lucius Cornelius Salla, another victorious general and Roman dictator. Octavian was a competent politician and military commander but his real talent was as an administrator. He introduced the administrative reforms that led to the Pax Romana with its flourishing of trade and the arts. He did this while ostensibly maintaining the form of the Roman Republic while in actuality creating the Roman Empire.
Leaders of the Roman Republic recognized that reforms needed to be made but were undecided as the what the reforms must be and how major reforms could be carried out. One leader prior to Caesar arose that gained the power to make such reforms. His name was Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
To understand the events of the life of Julius Caesar it is important to review the life and career of Sulla. He aspired to a political career but he had little success until 78 BCE when he became quaestor financial officer in an army commanded by Gaius Marius.
For more information on the political offices of the Roman government see Roman Governance. Jugurtha was a Berber leader that had a turbulent relationship with Rome. Jugurtha was the illegitimate son of a former king of Numidia, which roughly corresponded to what is now Algeria.
In times past Jugurtha had been an ally of Rome, commanding a Berber force fighting in alliance with Rome in Spain. Jugurtha was winning control of Numidia against the rival claimants to the throne when his troops captured a city where his rivals had taken refuge.
When the city, which was what is now Constantine, Algeria, was taken all of the inhabitants were slaughtered, along with some important Roman business men. As a consequence Rome declared war on Jugurtha.
Jugurtha faught a guerilla wars against the Romans. Finally Jugurtha negotiated a favorable treaty of peace with the Romans. The terms were so surprisingly favorable to Jugurtha that the Roman Senate requested he come to Rome and explain how he had obtained such favorable conditions.
The Senate suspected bribery. Under safe conduct conditions Jugurtha journeyed to Rome. The Senate accepted that the treaty was a legitimate one and Jugurtha was allowed to return to Numidia.
However before he left Rome Jugurtha arranged the assassination of a rival of his for the throne of Numidia. This so outraged the Senate that the treaty was abrogated and war was to continue against Jugurtha.
It was expected that the war against Jugurtha would be long and difficult.
Sulla journeyed to the adjacent kingdom which was in what is now north Morocco and convinced the king, Bocchus, to betray Jugurtha who was a refugee in the kingdom of Bocchus, who happened to be his father-in-law.
Sulla had risked his life in this venture but it was successful. People said of Sulla that he had the courage of a lion and the cunning of a fox. For more on Jugurtha see Algeria.
While Sulla was hailed as hero by most Roman, his success was recented by his commanding officer, Marius. Sulla moved up in political rank when he became a praestor, a judge. He also had military responsibilities. Non-Roman allies in Italy were demanding Roman citizenship and grants of land.
Sulla suppressed the rebellion but allowed the soldiers to retain the land they had already acquired. At the time there were two major political groupings in the Senate. The two groupings originated from the class structure of Rome. One grouping was of the patrician class, the old land owning families of Rome.
Sulla supported that political grouping. The other had its origin in the plebian class but some patrician families, including the family of Julius Caesar, had allied themselves with it. It was known as the popular party. Having demonstrated his capabilities as a general in the Social War Sulla was duly elected as one the two consuls of the Roman Republic, the highest political office in the Republic.
It was standard procedure for the Senate to put consuls in command of armies to go off and fight Rome's enemies. Pontus was a Hellenized Persian kingdom situated along the Black Sea in the northeast of what is now Turkey. The kingdom of Phrygia had been part of the Pontic empire but it rebelled and sought the support of Rome.
Rome made Phrygia part of its province of Asia. It had thus become an integral part of the Roman empire.
Mithradates had the audacity to bring Phrygia back under Pontic control. In Rome Sulla's old commanding officer, Marius, the one who had become jealous of Sulla solution to the Jugurtha problem, used his influence in the Senate to have himself named commander of the expeditionary force to punish Mithradates instead of Sulla.Julius Caesar: Julius Caesar, Caesar, Julius Julius Caesar, marble sculpture by Andrea di Pietro di Marco Ferrucci, c.
–14; Caesar was stabbed many times during his murder but the physician Antistius determined that only one stab wound was fatal.
The people who most influenced young Octavius were his mother, Atia, who was the niece of the Roman leader Julius Caesar (c. – 44 b.c.e.), and Julius Caesar himself. Unlike Caesar, one of Rome's military heroes, Augustus was sickly as a young boy. His life has been the subject of many plays, movies, books, and poems.
Even Caesar's death could not reverse the political and social that changes Rome experienced during his rule. Julius Caesar was born in B.C. in Rome.
Julius was not his first name; it was the name of family, Caesar being the name of his clan. The Julii Caesars traced their ancestry back to the goddess of love, Venus.
The Julii Caesars traced their ancestry back to the goddess of love, Venus. A superb general and politician, Julius Caesar (c BC – 44 BC / Reigned 46 – 44 BC) changed the course of Roman history. Although he did not rule for long, he gave Rome fresh hope and a.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The Roman politician and general Mark Antony (83–30 B.C.) was an ally of Julius Caesar and the main rival of his successor Octavian (later Augustus).
With those two men he was integral to Rome.