An analysis of the character of achilles in the ancient greek epic poem the iliad by homer

Through its portayal of the epic subject matter of the Trojan War, the stirring scenes of bloody battle, the wrath of Achilles and the constant interventions of the gods, it explores themes of glory, wrath, homecoming and fate, and has provided subjects and stories for many other later Greek, Roman and Renaissance writings. The Greeks are quarrelling about whether or not to return Chryseis, a Trojan captive of King Agamemnonto her father, Chryses, a priest of Apollo. When Agamemnon refuses and threatens to ransom the girl to her father, the offended Apollo plagues them with a pestilence. The Greeks, at the behest of the warrior-hero Achillesforce Agamemnon to return Chryseis in order to appease Apollo and end the pestilence.

An analysis of the character of achilles in the ancient greek epic poem the iliad by homer

Through its portayal of the epic subject matter of the Trojan War, the stirring scenes of bloody battle, the wrath of Achilles and the constant interventions of the gods, it explores themes of glory, wrath, homecoming and fate, and has provided subjects and stories for many other later Greek, Roman and Renaissance writings.

The Greeks are quarrelling about whether or not to return Chryseis, a Trojan captive of King Agamemnonto her father, Chryses, a priest of Apollo.

When Agamemnon refuses and threatens to ransom the girl to her father, the offended Apollo plagues them with a pestilence. The Greeks, at the behest of the warrior-hero Achillesforce Agamemnon to return Chryseis in order to appease Apollo and end the pestilence.

Feeling dishonoured, Achilles wrathfully withdraws both himself and his Myrmidon warriors from the Trojan War. Testing the resolve of the Greeks, Agamemnon feigns a homeward order, but Odysseus encourages the Greeks to pursue the fight. The goddess Athena, however, who favours the Greeks, soon provokes a Trojan truce-breaking and battle begins anew.

The Greek hero Diomedes, strengthened by Athena, drives the Trojans before him but, in his arrogance and blood-lust, strikes and injures Aphrodite. Despite the misgivings of his wife, Andromachethe Trojan hero, Hectorson of King Priamchallenges the Greek warrior-hero Ajax to single combat, and is almost overcome in battle.

Diomedes and Odysseus sneak into the Trojan camp and wreak havoc. But, with Achilles and his warriors out of battle, the tide appears to begin to turn in favour of the Trojans. Agamemnon is wounded in the battle and, despite the heroics of AjaxHector successfully breaches the fortified Greek camp, wounding Odysseus and Diomedes in the process, and threatens to set the Greek ships on fire.

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Distraught at the death of his companion, Achilles then reconciles with Agamemnon and rejoins the fray, despite knowing his deadly fate, and drives all the Trojans before him in his fury. As the ten year war reaches its climax, even the gods join in the battle and the earth shakes with the clamour of the combat.

Clad in new armour fashioned specially for him by Hephaestus, Achilles takes revenge for his friend Patroclus by slaying Hector in single combat, but then defiles and desecrates his corpse for several days.

Analysis Back to Top of Page Although attributed to Homer"The Iliad" is clearly dependent on an older oral tradition and may well have been the collective inheritance of many singer-poets over a long period of time the historical Fall of Troy is usually dated to around the start of the 12th Century BCE.

An analysis of the character of achilles in the ancient greek epic poem the iliad by homer

Homer was probably one of the first generation of authors who were also literate, as the Greek alphabet was introduced in the early 8th Century BCE, and the language used in his epic poems is an archaic version of Ionic Greek, with admixtures from certain other dialects such as Aeolic Greek.

However, it is by no means certain that Homer himself if in fact such a man ever really existed actually wrote down the verses.

SparkNotes: The Iliad: Important Quotations Explained

Likewise, the death of Achilles and the eventual fall of Troy are not covered in the poem, and these matters are the subjects of other non-Homeric "Epic Cycle" poems, which survive only in fragments.

The poem consists of twenty-four scrolls, containing 15, lines of dactylic hexameter verse. The entire poem has a formal rhythm that is consistent throughout making it easier to memorize and yet varied slightly from line to line preventing it from being monotonous.

They are often used as a way of explaining how or why an event took place, but they are also sometimes used as comic relief from the war, mimicking, parodying and mocking mortals.

Indeed, it is often the gods, not the mortals, who seem casual, petty and small-minded.

The Iliad is about the Trojan War, but it is primarily about the war as it is affected by Achilles' wrath, or anger. Achilles is the main character, and his inaction, or withdrawal from the fighting, is crucial to the plot. The Iliad: Literary Analysis Throughout The Iliad, an epic poem written by Homer, there were numerous warriors and other characters that could be looked upon as heroes; some of these heroes included Achilles, Ajax, Diomedes, Hector, and Glaucus. All of these individuals were heroes because of their remarkable mental and physical strength: they were courageous and were better fighters in war than . Also, Achilles and Hector themselves make references to their own fates—about which they have been informed; technically, only Hector’s references foreshadow any event in the poem itself, however, as Achilles dies after the close of the epic.

The main theme of the poem is that of war and peace, and the whole poem is essentially a description of war and fighting. Homer appears both to abhor war and to glorify it.

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Frequent similes tell of the peacetime efforts back home in Greece, and serve as contrasts to the war, reminding us of the human values that are destroyed by fighting, as well as what is worth fighting for.

The concept of heroism, and the honour that results from it, is also one of the major currents running through the poem. But, as fighter after heroic fighter enters the fray in search of honour and is slain before our eyes, the question always remains as to whether their struggle, heroic or not, is really worth the sacrifice.The Iliad is an epic poem and part of the ancient Greek oral tradition.

Homer’s audience was an illiterate culture, and Homer himself was most likely illiterate. Many critics believe that the.

An analysis of the character of achilles in the ancient greek epic poem the iliad by homer

an adjective or group of adjectives that describe a noun in an epic poem. e.g. swift Achilles Homer a blind, Greek poet who collected and wrote down the stories of the Iliad .

Achilles, son of a mortal man and a goddess, is the greatest of the Greek warriors. Told by his mother that he must choose between a long peaceful life at home and death with glory in Troy, he chooses the latter and fulfills his destiny.

Trojan prince Hector is the greatest of the Trojan warriors. The Character of Achilles Achilles is the main character in Homer’s The Iliad translated by Robert Fagles. The Iliad is the story of the battle of Troy, in which Greek heroes fight and die, with much interference from the various gods and goddesses.

Also, Achilles and Hector themselves make references to their own fates—about which they have been informed; technically, only Hector’s references foreshadow any event in the poem itself, however, as Achilles dies after the close of the epic.

The first lines of an ancient epic poem typically offer a capsule summary of the subject the poem will treat, and the first lines of The Iliad conform to this pattern. Indeed, Homer announces his subject in the very first word of the very first line: “Rage.”.

The Iliad - Homer - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature