Cullen, Department of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Solicitor General Canada.
Causes of School Violence Causes of School Violence School violence is a many-faceted problem, making it difficult for researchers and practitioners to pinpoint its causes.
Many school violence statistics, for example, do not match the norms in our larger society. Department of Justice, shows that overall crime rates in U. Simultaneously, school-based studies reveal that many violent behaviors have increased among children and adolescents.
Department of Education and the U. Department of Justice, reveals that public schools experiencing violent incidents increased from 71 to 81 percent over a five-year period The same study reports that the percentage of students who reported gang presence at school increased from 21 percent in to 24 percent in Although no direct connection between gang How gangs affect our community and school violence can be established, the initiation of gang activity in neighborhoods and schools does frequently coincide with increased violence reports.
School violence does not limit itself to the student population. Eight percent of teachers say they are threatened with violence on school grounds at least once a month.
Two percent report being physically attacked each year. Although the specific incidents of school-based fatalities are too numerous to list, there were 48 school-associated deaths in elementary and secondary schools in one year alone, from July,through June, Statistics indicate that efforts to curb school violence are making some headway sincea high point for school-based violence.
From toviolent incidents occurred less frequently in school than away from school, according to the above listed study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Education Center.
In the context of school violence, it is critical to recognize that a large majority of young people are not violence-prone, do not have criminal attitudes or criminal records, and can be "demonized" by legislators, the media, and the general public.
Michael Males, a professor at University of California at Santa Cruz, points to another source beyond the attitudes and behaviors of children. Poverty, disownment, and messed-up adults are by far the biggest problems kids face, and the mystery is why only a relatively small fraction of modern kids are acting dangerously.
Most educators and education researchers and practitioners would agree that school violence arises from a layering of causes and risk factors that include but are not limited to access to weapons, media violence, cyber abuse, the impact of school, community, and family environments, personal alienation, and more.
Access to Weapons During the late 's and early 's, teen gun violence increased dramatically in the United States. More teens began to acquire and carry guns, leading to a sharp increase in gun deaths and injuries.
In two recent academic years, a total of 85 young people died violently in U. Seventy-five percent of these incidents involved firearms. Forty-two percent of students claimed "they could get a gun if they wanted, 28 percent have handled a gun without adult knowledge or supervision, and 17 percent have carried a concealed gun….
Teens can also acquire handguns in illegal sales. A study by University of California at Davis' Violence Prevention Research Program concluded that "American gun shows continue to be a venue for illegal activity, including unlicensed sales to prohibited individuals.
Following the Virginia Polytech shootings, the U. S House of Representatives passed a measure that would, according to the Los Angeles Times, "streamline the system for keeping track of criminals, mental patients, and others [including youth under 18] barred from buying firearms…" Currently, the bill has yet to pass into law, although many legislators believe the bill will be approved by both House and Senate.
By the time the average American child reaches seventh grade, he or she will have witnessed 8, murders andacts of violence on television. Some people say that so much violence on television makes American society--including its children--more violent.Keywords: effects of gangsterism in our communities "How to define a gang has always been a matter of controversy.
The relationship of the gang to its local community and the salience of race have been at the heart of academic and popular differences on the nature of gangs.", according to the Gang Research. Gang violence is a problem in every major city in the United States and membership is on the rise.
According to the Department of Justice's National Gang Threat Assessment, there are at least 21, gangs and more than , active gang members. "What our research has done is show that the relationship between community violence and psychological distress is not a final outcome and that the relationship between community violence and low school achievement is not a final outcome.
Welcome to the Youth Initiative The Youth Initiative builds the nation's capacity to support youth victims while working to advance their rights and ensuring youth leadership on issues that affect youth.
What are gangs and How does gang violence affect communities and individuals. By: Eddie Reaves what is a gang? Street gangs are noted to be a structured group of adolescents or adult males or females who may use intimidation and violence to carry out criminal acts.
Gang Quotes The supreme quality for leadership is unquestionably integrity. Without it, no real success is possible, no matter whether it is on a section gang, a football field, in an army, or in an office.