The Arab states, after their defeat inpassed through a period of political unrest. The most critical change occurred in Egypt, where in a cabal of young army officers backed by the Muslim Brotherhood forced the dissolute King Farouk into exile. Britain and France feared that Nasser might close the canal and cut off shipments of petroleum flowing from the Persian Gulf to western Europe.
Share via Email Introduction The Suez crisis is often portrayed as Britain's last fling of the imperial dice. Inthe globe was indeed still circled by British possessions and dependencies, from the Caribbean in the west to Singapore, Malaya and Hong Kong in the east.
Much of the African map was still imperial pink. In reality, though, the sun had long since begun to sink over the British empire. The greatest possession of them all, the Indian subcontinent, had taken its freedom. Nationalist movements were flourishing in most of the rest, patronised by Soviet Russia and encouraged by the United States in its self-appointed role as leader of the free world.
Britain itself was only beginning to emerge from postwar austerity, its public finances crushed by an accumulation of war debt. Still, there were powerful figures in the "establishment" - a phrase coined in the early s - who could not accept that Britain was no longer a first-rate power.
Their case, in the context of the times, was persuasive: We remained a trading nation, with a vital interest in the global free passage of goods.
But there was another, darker, motive for intervention in Egypt: Though it may now seem quaint and self-serving, there was a widespread and genuine feeling that Britain had responsibilities in its diminishing empire, to protect its peoples from communism and other forms of demagoguery.
Much more potently, there was ingrained racism. When the revolutionaries in Cairo dared to suggest that they would take charge of the Suez canal, the naked prejudice of the imperial era bubbled to the surface.
The Egyptians, after all, were among the original targets of the epithet, "westernised or wily oriental gentlemen.
They were the Wogs. Background King Faroukthe ruler of Egypt, was forced into exile in mid A year later, a group of army officers formally took over the government which they already controlled.
The titular head of the junta was General Mohammed Neguib. The real power behind the new throne was an ambitious and visionary young colonel who dreamed of reasserting the dignity and freedom of the Arab nation, with Egypt at the heart of the renaissance. His name was Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Nasser's first target was the continued British military presence in the Suez canal zone. A source of bitter resentment among many Egyptians, that presence was a symbol of British imperial dominance since the s.Mar 03, · Suez by Barry Turner (Hodder and Stoughton, ) The Canal Zone and Suez by Laurie Milner, in The Imperial War Museum Book of Modern Warfare edited by .
The Suez Crisis made clear that the old colonial powers, Great Britain and France, had been supplanted as the world’s preeminent geopolitical forces by the United States and Soviet Union.
Discover the history of the Suez Canal and how Egypt's President Nasser, with the support of the Soviet Union, seized the canal from the British in , causing an international crisis. The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression in the Arab world and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War in Israel, was an invasion of Egypt in late by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
Suez Crisis, The Suez Crisis of , in which the Egyptian Government seized control of the Suez Canal from the British and French owned company that managed it, had important consequences for U.S. relations . The Suez War or Crisis of Words | 4 Pages.
The Suez War or Crisis of was a geopolitical conflict between Egypt with Israel, Great Britain, and France. Just War theory will be used to assess the “just” qualities of the British’s involvement in the war.