One possible interpretation traced to Ciceroconnects lego read, i. The definition of religio by Cicero is cultum deorum, "the proper performance of rites in veneration of the gods. Augustinefollowing the interpretation given by Lactantius in Divinae institutiones, IV, The term was sparsely used in classical Greece but became more frequently used in the writings of Josephus in the first century AD.
Native Americans is a generic reference to people groups who lived in North and South America prior to the arrival of European explorers. Given the size of those two continents and their diverse landscapes, it is no surprise that Native American cultures varied drastically from group to group and from tribe to tribe.
The religious beliefs of modern Americans—and Asians, and Europeans, and Africans—span a wide range and so do the spiritual traditions of Native Americans.
That being said, most Native American religions share a set of common features. Most important among these are a lack of distinction between the spiritual world and the natural world, the existence of some type of creative deity, and a general lack of objective, fixed principles.
Few Native American religious ideas were considered absolutely unchangeable, and even fewer were codified in writing. As a result, historic spiritual beliefs in the Americas were diverse and extremely fluid. One common feature of many Native American spiritual traditions is a uniform view of reality.
Christianity often speaks of a physical world and a spiritual world. At least for the sake of comparison, such a distinction does not exist in most Native American religions.
Most Native American religions include some kind of divine Creator. In many cases, this is a single deity, often referred to as the Great Spirit.
In some cases, this is a group of gods or a collection of spirits. And, in others, this spirit is more of an impersonal force than an actual, personal being. Because of this broad variation, individual Native American religions can be categorized as theisticdeistichenotheisticpolytheisticor even pantheistic.
Native American religions are also typically devoid of objective rules or laws. This is not to suggest there are no moral principles in these spiritual traditions.
However, such concepts are typically treated as guidelines or foundations and not as hard-and-fast regulations. Traditions vary from group to group, but Native American spirituality is typically much less rigid than systems such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam.
Written texts comparable to works such as the Bible, the Qur'anor the Vedas do not exist in Native American religious history.
A tradition is a belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past. Common examples include holidays or impractical but socially meaningful clothes (like lawyers' wigs or military officers' spurs), but the idea has also been applied to social norms such as greetings.. Traditions . Some exclude beliefs and practices that many people passionately defend as religious. For example, their definition might requite a belief in a God or Goddess or combination of Gods and Goddesses who are responsible for the creation of the universe and for its continuing operation. Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements. However, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. Different religions may .
Instead, oral tradition and personal teaching are strongly emphasized in Native American religious practice. The motivation for this is extremely practical.The group of surveys cited above classify religious beliefs into 7 faith groups.
2 Starting with the largest, they are: Cultural (Christmas & Easter) Christianity, Conventional Christianity, New Age Practitioner, Biblical (Fundamentalist, Evangelical) Christianity, Atheist/Agnostic, Other, and Jewish, A longitudinal study from to shows . American culture is a diverse mix of customs and traditions from nearly every region of the world.
Here is a brief overview of American holidays, food, clothing and more. This description of American cultural values, the six basic American cultural values, was first introduced in American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture.
It explains the value system that has allowed the United States to assimilate millions of people from diverse cultures all over the world and create a unique, enduring American identity. As can be seen, each ethnic group brings its own perspectives and values to the health care system, and many health care beliefs and health practices differ from those of the traditional American health care culture.
noun. the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action; the total range of activities and ideas of a group of people with shared traditions, which are transmitted and reinforced by members of the group the Mayan culture; a particular civilization at a particular period.
Harlem Renaissance - Black heritage and American culture: This interest in black heritage coincided with efforts to define an American culture distinct from that of Europe, one that would be characterized by ethnic pluralism as well as a democratic ethos.