The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
Visit Website The Articles of Confederation gave Congress the power to govern foreign affairs, conduct war and regulate currency; however, in reality these powers were sharply limited because Congress had no authority to enforce its requests to the states for money or troops.
Visit Website Did you know? George Washington was initially reluctant to attend the Constitutional Convention. Although he saw the need for a stronger national government, he was busy managing his estate at Mount Vernon, suffering from rheumatism and worried that the convention wouldn't be successful in achieving its goals.
Soon after America won its independence from Great Britain with its victory in the American Revolutionit became increasingly evident that the young republic needed a stronger central government in order to remain stable.
InAlexander Hamiltona lawyer and politician from New Yorkcalled for a constitutional convention to discuss the matter. The Confederation Congress, which in February endorsed the idea, invited all 13 states to send delegates to a meeting in Philadelphia. There were 55 delegates in attendance, representing all 13 states except Rhode Islandwhich refused to send representatives because it Us constitution not want a powerful central government interfering in its economic business.
Many had served in the Continental Army, colonial legislatures or the Continental Congress known as the Congress of the Confederation as of In terms of religious affiliation, most were Protestants. Eight delegates were signers of the Declaration of Independence, while six had signed the Articles of Confederation.
Political leaders not in attendance at the convention included Thomas Jefferson and John Adamswho were serving as U. John JaySamuel Adams and John Hancock were also absent from the convention.
Reporters and other visitors were barred from the convention sessions, which were held in secret to avoid outside pressures. Debating the Constitution The delegates had been tasked by Congress with amending the Articles of Confederation; however, they soon began deliberating proposals for an entirely new form of government.
After intensive debate, which continued throughout the summer of and at times threatened to derail the proceedings, they developed a plan that established three branches of national government—executive, legislative and judicial.
A system of checks and balances was put into place so that no single branch would have too much authority.
The specific powers and responsibilities of each branch were also laid out. Among the more contentious issues was the question of state representation in the national legislature. Delegates from larger states wanted population to determine how many representatives a state could send to Congress, while small states called for equal representation.
The issue was resolved by the Connecticut Compromise, which proposed a bicameral legislature with proportional representation of the states in the lower house House of Representatives and equal representation in the upper house Senate. Another controversial topic was slavery. For the purposes of taxation and determining how many representatives a state could send to Congress, it was decided that slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person.
On September 17, George Washington was the first to sign the document.
Of the 55 delegates, a total of 39 signed; some had already left Philadelphia, and three—George Mason and Edmund Randolph of Virginiaand Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts—refused to approve the document.
In order for the Constitution to become law, it then had to be ratified by nine of the 13 states. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, with assistance from John Jay, wrote a series of essays to persuade people to ratify the Constitution.
People who supported the Constitution became known as Federalists, while those opposed it because they thought it gave too much power to the national government were called Anti-Federalists.
Beginning on December 7,five states— DelawarePennsylvania, New JerseyGeorgia and Connecticut—ratified the Constitution in quick succession. However, other states, especially Massachusetts, opposed the document, as it failed to reserve undelegated powers to the states and lacked constitutional protection of basic political rights, such as freedom of speech, religion and the press.
In Februarya compromise was reached under which Massachusetts and other states would agree to ratify the document with the assurance that amendments would be immediately proposed. The Constitution was thus narrowly ratified in Massachusetts, followed by Maryland and South Carolina.
On June 21,New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the document, and it was subsequently agreed that government under the U. Constitution would begin on March 4, On February 2,the U. Supreme Court held its first session, marking the date when the government was fully operative.
Rhode Island, the last holdout of the original 13 states, finally ratified the Constitution on May 29, House of Representatives, introduced 19 amendments to the Constitution.
On September 25,Congress adopted 12 of the amendments and sent them to the states for ratification.The Constitution of the United States of America (see explanation)Preamble ["We the people"] (see explanation) Article I [The Legislative Branch] (see explanation).
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of schwenkreis.com first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress; the executive, consisting of the.
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic.
The Constitution of the United States of America (see explanation)Preamble ["We the people"] (see explanation) Article I [The Legislative Branch] (see explanation). The members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution on September 17, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Constitutional Convention convened in response to dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation and the need for a strong centralized government. The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.